The SIZE ERROR phrase cannot be used with numeric MOVE statements. This value is representable, however, in a FLOAT or CIT4 intermediate data item; the size error condition would not be raised. In addition to the precision difference, CIT4 arithmetic has the same differences and restrictions as shown in Section B.4.12 for CIT3 arithmetic. If the receiving item is also numeric-edited, rounding takes place before the editing.
Intermediate values are truncated to the most significant 18 decimal digits, with a 2-digit exponent. How many Divisions are possible in COBOL? If the statement contains both ROUNDED and SIZE ERROR phrases, the result is rounded before a size error check is made. You can specify the arithmetic mode and submode with the two COBOL command-line qualifiers /ARITHMETIC (or -arithmetic ) and /MATH_INTERMEDIATE (or -math_intermediate ). internet
On Alpha systems, the maximum temporary work item size is 31 digits for standard arithmetic and for native CIT4 arithmetic, and is 38 digits for some operations using native float or PROCEDURE DIVISION. In this context, portable means that the results will be identical from implementation to implementation. /ARITHMETIC=STANDARD forces /MATH_INTERMEDIATE=CIT4 (described in Section 22.214.171.124).
Intermediate values are truncated to the most significant 32 decimal digits, with a 2-digit exponent. Performing a series of calculations that generates an intermediate result larger than 18 digits when the final result will have 18 or fewer digits. If such an error occurs, the behavior of the statement is unpredictable; in the case of an IF statement, result of the comparison is undefined. Using the OPTIONS Paragraph (Alpha) An alternative way to specify native or standard arithmetic is to use the OPTIONS paragraph in the Identification Division of your Compaq COBOL program.
Sorting Methods 1. The ON SIZE ERROR imperative statement is executed after all the receiving items are processed. ADD TEMP, F, GIVING F. Difference between OS/VS COBOL and VS COBOL 2 COBOL COMPILATION Use of DISP in JCL How to use UNIT in JCL?
When divided by zero occurs. 3. Should the temporary work item exceed the maximum size, truncation occurs. Uses of MOVE Statement in COBOL Collating Sequence How many types of PERFORM STATEMENTS are in cobol?... All three alternatives allow the MOVE operation to occur only if AMOUNT-A loses no significant digits.
You can use the ROUNDED phrase with any Compaq COBOL arithmetic statement. http://www.mainframeslive.org/2012/01/how-to-use-on-size-error-in-cobol.html The result will be truncated. ON SIZE ERROR ... . - MULTIPLY ... ROUNDED: ROUNDED option used to round the fraction result of the compute statement exceeds the length of the target data item fractional places.
Only those receiving items for which a size error condition is raised are left unaltered. Only those receiving items for which a size error condition is raised are left unaltered. PROGRAM-ID. Writing the ADD or SUBTRACT statements without the GIVING phrase, and attempting to put the result into a numeric-edited item.
The ON SIZE ERROR imperative phrase is then executed. Statement: ADD A,B,C,D, GIVING E. ADD TEMP, C, GIVING TEMP. ADD TEMP, C, GIVING TEMP.
When a statement contains a GIVING phrase, you can have a numeric-edited receiving item. When the compiler determines that the size of the intermediate result exceeds the maximum scaled integer size, it uses a software floating-point intermediate item and keeps the most significant 18 digits Controlling a loop by adding to a numeric counter that was described as PIC 9, and then testing for a value of 10 or greater to exit the loop.
If the result of the COMPUTE statement exceeds the length of the target data item fractional places, those will not be rounded until or unless the ROUNDED option specifies. This data type affects the truncation of the intermediate result and the consequent precision. ADD TEMP, E, GIVING E. It does this by checking the absolute value of an arithmetic result against the PICTURE character-string of each resultant identifier.
STOP RUN. END-COMPUTE will not be required when COMPUTE statement ended with period. Controlling a loop by adding to a numeric counter that was described as PIC 9, and then testing for a value of 10 or greater to exit the loop. The MOVE statement allows data movement between alphanumeric items and certain numeric items, but arithmetic statements require that all items be numeric.
The scaled integer form has a maximum size of 31 numeric digits for a program compiled with the /INSTRUCTION_SET = DECIMAL_STRING or GENERIC qualifier, and a maximum of 38 digits for The phrase acts exactly like a MOVE statement in which the intermediate result serves as the sending item, and the data item following the word GIVING serves as the receiving item. These options have the following effects: NATIVE Arithmetic operations will produce results that are reasonably compatible with releases for Compaq COBOL for OpenVMS Alpha prior to Version 2.7 and also with The SIZE ERROR phrase cannot be used with numeric MOVE statements.
COMP Binary representation of data item. Let's grow more, Click up Right "Like" to join the group on Facebook. HP COBOL rounds off by adding a 5 to the leftmost truncated digit of the absolute value of the intermediate result before it stores that result. This can be acheived thru the use of ROUNDED option.
ADD TEMP, G, GIVING G. For example: ADD A,B GIVING C. 2.7.7 Multiple Operands in ADD and SUBTRACT Statements Both the ADD and SUBTRACT statements can contain a series of operands preceding the word TO, FROM, For example, if the absolute value of the result is 100.05, and the PICTURE character-string of the resultant identifier is 99V99, the SIZE ERROR phrase detects that the high-order digit, 1, Similarly, because each intermediate data type has a different minimum magnitude, an arithmetic statement can raise the size error condition for underflow with one arithmetic mode but not another. (Underflow does
Parent topic: Running the Code Send feedback about this topic Compaq COBOLUser Manual Previous Contents Index 2.6.3 Subscripted Moves Any item (other than a data item that is not subordinate If the ROUNDED option specifies, the last digit of fraction place will be increased by 1 if the next fraction value greater than 5. The product could require 62 digits, which is larger than the largest fixed-point arithmetic type available to the compiler. ON SIZE ERROR ... . - DIVIDE ...
WORKING-STORAGE SECTION. 01 XD PIC S9(31) VALUE 3. 01 YD PIC S9(31) VALUE 258718314234781388692555698765. 01 ZD PIC S9(31). Forgetting that the ON SIZE ERROR phrase applies to all receiving items in an arithmetic statement containing multiple receiving items. ADD A TO B ON SIZE ERROR DISPLAY ‘ERROR!'. ADDRSPC in JCL DPRTY in JCL MSGCLASS in JCL Class in JCL Special DD names in JCL What is JCL (Job Control Language) ?
Statement: ADD A,B,C,D, TO E,F,G,H. The GIVING phrase can be used with the ADD, SUBTRACT, MULTIPLY, and DIVIDE statements. COMPUTE < data-item-1> [ROUNDED] ... = arithmetic-expression [ ON SIZE ERROR < imperative statement-1 ] .. [ NOT ON SIZE ERROR < imperative-statement-2> ] ..